Sunday, May 24, 2020
Choosing Political Science Term Paper Topic Are you in trouble choosing a good topic for your term paper? Here we present several tips to help with this task. If you experience problems with choosing an effective topic for your political science term paper, you are not alone. It is clear that to write a good term paper, you need to find a good topic to write about. One of the biggest term paper writing mistakes is not paying enough attention and time to think over its title. Anyway, dont be worried too much. This part of academic writing gets easier with more practice. We collected for you several tips to help with choosing topic for your political science term paper. An effective topic for your term paper needs to satisfy the following requirements: First of all, the topic should be appropriate for your assignment. For instance, it is not a good choice for a political science term paper to take a topic, related more to history or economics, than to the political science. Second, your topic should be easy to research. Try to choose subject you are enough informed about so as to write comfortably. Third, the topic should not be too broad or too narrow. If you choose the first, it will be difficult for you to cover it in deep detailed way within the page limit. And conversely, you will face problems with writing the necessary number of pages to cover too narrow topic. Fourth, choose the topic that is important and interesting for you. Term paper expects a lot of work, including research, so if you are not interested in the chosen topic, you will get bored and it is unlikely that you will produce an effective project. The last key point for choosing great topic for your paper Ã¢â¬â be creative! Creativity and fresh approach surely will be appreciated by your supervisor.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Question 11 Miles Davis was one of the greatest and most important figures in jazz history. Miles Dewey Davis III was a musician, composer, arranger, producer and bandleader all in one. Davis was at the forefront of almost every major development in jazz after World War 2. He was one of the most influential and innovative musicians of the twentieth century along with Charlie Parker and Louis Armstrong. His versatility landed him at the forefront of bebop, cool jazz, modal, hard bop and fusion (Kirker, 2005:1). His sound went on to influence many other newer forms of music today such as pop, soul, Ramp;B, funk and rap. As one of the last trumpet players, Davis employed a lyrical, melodic style that was known for its minimalism as wellÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"WalkinÃ¢â¬ , was a swaggering blues piece informed by the extended harmonies of bebop was a shift from cool jazz and announced the arrival of hard bop (Sales, 1992:171). Hard bop was the evolvement and development from bop du ring the 1950s and 1960s, often regarded as a reaction to the restraint and intellectualism of cool jazz (Kingman, 1990:389). With the installation of the Miles Davis Quintet, Davis picked up where his late forties sessions left off. Eschewing the rhythmic and harmonic complexity of the prevalent bebop, Davis was given space to play long, legato and essentially melodic lines, where he would begin to explore modal music, his lifelong obsession. Modal jazz is a new venture for jazz both harmonically and structurally, it no longer used the chord progressions of standard tunes as the basis for improvisation replaced by a succession of scales on which the performer improvised instead (Kingman, 1990:390). Davis had definitely gone a long way in his trumpet playing since collaborating with Parker. No longer dependant on bebop phrasing, he chose a minimalist approach instead. Ornate phrasing gave way to a smattering of tones. He was also utilizing a Harmon mute, sometimes adding reverb, which had a whisper effect and personalised his sound. Elements of texture and silence between notes were becoming more dominant ( Kirker, 2005:2). By 1958, he had freed himself by using modal scales and slower moving harmonies. Ã¢â¬Å"MilestonesÃ¢â¬ portrayed this example asShow MoreRelatedMiles Davis Essay1141 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJon Davis Perspectives in American Jazz Ben Martinson December 10, 2009 Miles Davis: The Last Pioneer in American Jazz Miles Davis represents the pinnacle of modern American Jazz. He was one of the foremost pioneers in the inventions of cool jazz, hard bop, free jazz, fusion and techno. He was, arguably one of the most influential figures in music, pushing the boundaries of what was commonly known as jazz into new directions that most people thought was impossible. Davis was bornRead MoreMusic And Its Influence On Music1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin music by tinkering with old methods are how new musical ideas are discovered. In the past, Miles DavisÃ¢â¬â¢ explorations into jazz fusion and modal jazz music pushed the envelope. Now, Kanye WestÃ¢â¬â¢s explorations through samples, orchestration and rhythms shape the direction of music. For both Miles Davis and Kanye West, the fields of music (Jazz and Hip-Hop) in which they have had most of their influence are considered to be predominantly dominated with black artists. Furthermore, it is in ParisRead MoreMiles Davis And The Jazz Music931 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesartists around the world and Miles Davis is considered one of the finest in the jazz genre. As one of the greatest jazz musicians ever, he instrumental in developing new forms of music such as jazz fusion. 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The trumpet has survived them all. It is probably the most popular instrument of all time. With talented musicians like Louis Armstrong and Miles Davis, the trumpet has been able to endure. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the careers of Armstrong and Davis, and how the trumpet became their way into Jazz. Louis Armstrong was born on August 4th 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana. Louis had a hard and painful childhood. In 1922 at the age of 21 Louis moves to ChicagoRead MoreIts All About Jazz Fusion807 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s All About Jazz FusionÃ¢â¬ Of the jazz styles studied in this module, I prefer jazz-rock-fusion. I enjoy listening to this style of jazz because it creates a rock mood by its different melodies, complex rhythms, tones and harmonies. Jazz Ã¢â¬âfusion, Ã¢â¬Å"melds rock rhythms and the use of electronic instruments with collective improvisationÃ¢â¬ (Ferris). Jazz music in general is mostly improvised music, so its melody is an interesting element to its listeners. I feel that being a jazz musician has toRead MoreMiles Davis Essay1364 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMiles Davis: The musicÃ¢â¬â¢s right but the approach is wrong. Music listeners everywhere have heard at least a smidgen of the music from Ã¢â¬Å"the prince of darknessÃ¢â¬ . Although Miles Davis, dubbed the Ã¢â¬Å"most revered jazz trumpeter of all time, not to mention one of the most important musicians of the 20th centuryÃ¢â¬ by Rolling Stone Magazine and known as the birth of cool, attitudes and behaviors we never truly kind and the man was notoriously known as a jerk, his music was of great importance to the jazzRead MoreJohn Coltrane Essay1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJohn Coltrane John Coltrane Jazz, taking its roots in African American folk music, has evolved, metamorphosed, and transposed itself over the last century to become a truly American art form. More than any other type of music, it places special emphasis on innovative individual interpretation. Instead of relying on a written score, the musician improvises. For each specific period or style through which jazz has gone through over the past seventy years, there is almost always a single personRead MoreEthno 50B Essay #11347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSmall Changes Make Big Differences A living jazz legend once exclaimed Ã¢â¬Å"jazz has borrowed from other genres of music and also has lent itself to other genres of music.Ã¢â¬ Herbie Hancock makes it clear that jazz has been an evolving form of art. And just as simple as the notion that music can change the world, music changes in itself. Jazz once evolved into something we call swing. Back in the roaring twenties people got up and danced to this kind of music. However, these simple and playful melodiesRead MoreLouis Armstrong And Jazz Age1128 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe 1920s was known as the Jazz Age, Francis Scott Fitzgerald said Ã¢â¬Å"it was an age of miracles, it was an age of art, it was an age of excess, and it was an age of satire. Music also plays a big role in The Great Gatsby. One singer that was popular in the 1920s was Louis Armstrong he was known as the King of Jazz. Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana. Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans he was the son of a prostitute and an absent father. Louis Armstrong
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
We should legalize marijuana because it would be a great tax source for the government, it would help out farmers, it would create many jobs, it would eliminate a good majority of the jail population, it would lessen the amount of tension that we see around us, and it is a safe drug. Although there are many good reasons that we should legalize marijuana, there are also some good reasons that we should not legalize it. These include it would increase the amount of lazy people, it might be hard to tax and control it, and it would increase the availability of marijuana to underage people. We will write a custom essay sample on Why We Should Legalize Marijuana or any similar topic only for you Order Now Herb is the healing of a nation, alcohol is the destruction. Ã¢â¬ 1 This quote comes from internationally acclaimed Jamaican singer, songwriter, and musician Bob Marley. In this quote he is trying to tell us that herb (aka marijuana) is not a bad thing, but instead it is a good thing. It is recognized as a healing herb because of its many calming effects. Marijuana has what are called psychoactive chemicals, the main one being Ã¢â¬ËtetrahydrocannabinolÃ¢â¬â¢ or THC for short. This is what causes the calming or healing effect of marijuana. Some of the medical uses for marijuana include cure or prevention of Glaucoma a serious eye disease, used by Aids and Terminal Patients to ease nausea and delirium, a natural Sedative and sleep aid if you use the Sativa instead of Indica, a natural nontoxic tranquilizer depending on dosage, and strain, and lastly it improves creativity in some for writing, speaking, drawing, painting, song writing, poetry, and has been used by very many college students to make typically boring subjects and professors interesting. Enables many students who have problems studying the ability to retain information and make it more interesting. Another reason that marijuana should be legalized is because it would vastly increase the amount of money that our government would have available. Our government spends around $7. 7 billion per year on the Ã¢â¬Å"war against marijuanaÃ¢â¬ . If it were to be legalized then our government would make around $6. 2 billion per year, just from taxes. Even the poor would be able to afford marijuana as prices would drop considerably if it were to be legalized. It is estimated that inmates incarcerated on marijuana related offences costs our prison system about $1 billion annually. Legalizing marijuana would also relieve some of the taxes that taxpayers have to pay. Marijuana Prohibition Costs Taxpayers $41. 8 Billion A Year, according to a report from Forbes. It would also help the farmers that farm it. In California, marijuana is its most valuable crop. It brings in roughly $14 billion per year. CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s zip tie program aimed at regulating medical marijuana growing by charging permits for each plant raised $600,000 in revenue in for the SheriffÃ¢â¬â¢s department in 2011. Legalizing marijuana would not just help the farming business. The city of Oakland, California raised $1. 3 million in tax revenue from medical marijuana dispensaries in 2011, 3 percent of the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s total business tax revenue. The Sacramento News and Review saw a big boost in ad revenue when it offered advertising space for more than 60 medical marijuana dispensaries, enabling the publication to hire three additional employees. Illegal marijuana is estimated to be a $36 billion a year industry, which could increase to a $100 billion a year industry if it were to be made legal. One of the main reasons that marijuana is illegal is because of the safety concerns of it. Some people consider marijuana to be what is called a Ã¢â¬Å"gatewayÃ¢â¬ drug. A gateway drug is a drug that once taken, leads to the user taking harder drugs such as crack, meth, and heroin. Although there is neither evidence to prove or disprove this theory, the so called Ã¢â¬Å"gatewayÃ¢â¬ effect has only been observed in a small quantity of marijuana users. The high from marijuana might make some people lazy, but it exponentially increases their creative capability. Marijuana is also said to be very harmful to the children of pregnant women. Studies show prenatal exposure to marijuana can cause impaired neurological development in the unborn child. Because marijuana causes Distorted perception (sights, sounds, time, touch), problems with memory and learning, loss of coordination, trouble with thinking, and problem-solving it is harmful to drive after consuming it. Within a few minutes after smoking marijuana, the heart begins beating more rapidly and the blood pressure drops. Marijuana can cause the heart beat to increase by 20 to 50 beats per minute, and can increase even more if other drugs are used at the same time. Because of the lower blood pressure and higher heart rate, researchers found that usersÃ¢â¬â¢ risk for a heart attack is four times higher within the first hour after smoking marijuana, compared to their general risk of heart attack when not smoking. It is also said that marijuana has a negative effect on your brain cells. But, a Harvard study showed that the negative effects of marijuana on your brain cells was nill. How to cite Why We Should Legalize Marijuana, Essay examples
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Strategies for Marketing to Rural Customer. Answer: Introduction Nokia Company is one of the worlds manufacturers of mobile devices with over a million customers in various parts of the world. The company, which was founded in the year 1865, has around 160 nationalities who are operating in more than 100 nations (Nokia, 2017). Its headquarters are currently in Espoo, Uusimaa Finland. As a telecommunications business enterprise, the business has been able to nurture its success from different sectors such as mobile devices, rubber boats and tires, cables, and infrastructure equipment for telecommunications. Over these years the company has contributed to serve different communication provides, enterprises, governments as well as consumers with its end to end range of products and services (Nokia, 2017). Most operations of this business are centered on the ideology of transforming the human experiences by shaping the future of communication technology. Through these diverse products, the company has been able to occupy larger bargaining capacity as well as abroad exposures to the customer base. Corporate Mission of Nokia Nokia has created a technology to connect the world. The corporate mission statement of Nokia is connecting people (Nokia, 2017). Nokia is trying to connect people designing new experiences to fulfill the demands of the customers. Nokia is committed to preserve the data as well as maintain integrity. The company is trying to keep the data cost low and connect the people through social media. Nokia is committed to preserve the data as well as maintain integrity. The company is innovating by a global nervous system, a web of interconnected intelligence that adapts and senses to the world. The main pursuit of the company is performance along with sustainability and integrity. Sources of competitive advantage To gain the competitive advantages and gain the benefits of economies of scale, core competencies and resources are important. The core competencies are the attributes that provide competitive benefits to Nokia. The company has several competencies but due to recent growth and success, the firm needs to monitor on the right and appropriate core competencies to beat the competitors in the world. The core competencies and resources include organizational culture, and research and development. The organizational culture is the effective tool to attract more customers in the international market. The value chain is also other source to run the business activities successful. The optimum utilization of resources can be done by maintaining core competencies within the organization. Along with this, innovative technologies are used by the firm to overcome the competitors (Kavitha Krishna, 2017). Marketing micro-environment and its influence The microenvironment refers to the internal environment of the company which can influence the business activities adversely. The microenvironment can be controlled and managed by the firm. The internal environmental factors include customers, suppliers, thegeneral public, distribution channels and competitors etc. These factors influence the performance and efficiency of Nokia. They can also affect the long-term success and growth of the firm. There is a close relationship between microenvironment and organization (Yam, 2016). These factors also help to build and develop reciprocal relationship with customers in the international market. The micro environment consists of the following. Suppliers: An important factor which affects the goals and objectives of the firm. Suppliers provide resources and products to the company. They also affect the strategy and policy of the firm. Market intermediaries: The intermediaries also affect the targets and growth of the firm. The marketing intermediaries include retailers, financial intermediaries, whole sellers and agencies. Customers: They are people who buy the products and services of the company. The customers influence the mission and vision of the company. Competitors:Rivals are the companies that manufacture the same products and services in the global market. Nokia should keep an eye on the strategies and policies of the competitors. Public: The public also influences the success and growth of the firm. Therefore, the company needs to focus on the internal environment in order to meet the long term targets and goals. Marketing macro-environment and its influence Macro environment affects the profit and revenue of Nokia. Therefore, the company needs to analyze and evaluate the macro environment. It is also known as an external environment which encompasses the following factors such as political, economic, socio-cultural, technological, legal and environmental factors (Grhan-Canli, HayranSarial-Abi, 2016). These factors influence the operation and trading activities of the firm negatively. The two major categories of the external environment have been discussed below. Political factors: These factors include rules and regulations related to the import, export, and production. The company needs to focus on the political factors to fulfill the needs and requirements of the customers in the global market. Economic factors: The economic factors include interest rates, demand, taxes, exchange rates and buying the power of the customers. All these factors affect the growth and success of Nokia. The firm needs to focus on these factors to hit the competitors in the international market (Nachbaur, 2016). Gap or opportunity identification SWOT analysis is an effective and dynamic tool to evaluate and identify the strengths and weaknesses of the competitors in the market. The firm must analyze and identify the risks and challenges of the market to achieve the mission and vision of the firm (Bohlin Inha, 2017). The SWOT analysis stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats which have been discussed below. Strengths Weaknesses Brand name is the biggest strength of Nokia. The products are available in the market in all the prices ranges. Nokia products are very easy to use. The mobile products are provided by the company have a much higher resale value compared to the other companies. After sale services are very poor. Poor designed smart phones. Some of the Nokia products are not for middle class and low class groups. Opportunities Threats The company can expand and grow its market globally. The demand of the Nokia smart phones are increasing. High competition exists in the global market. Iphones popularity and Samsung and other competitors affect the sale of the company. Summary of proposed strategies Nokia is trying to capitalize its position as a market leader in mobile devices and build up the position in the new market. Nokia wants to become the leading player in the global mobile communication market. Nokia has built its wireless communication infrastructure in lower penetration market. The company has developed various mobile multimedia devices, solutions and applications with the other collaborators and the customers who are trying to compel the multimedia experiences to the consumers. Nokia is trying to capture the profitable segments of the market by offering the services and products designed to help the companies. The company wants to capitalize on the needs of mobile connectivity and mobility in their operations (Aggrawal et al., 2016). Nokia also wants collaboration with the systems and the technology in integration companies. Segmentation approach is effective in strategic planning and it helps to utilize the resources. Nokia is one of the leading company which is pr acticising multisegment targeting. Nokia has segmented the market through geographic, demographic and psychographic segmentation (Muller Bevan-Dye, 2017). The company must closely monitor the country before expanding its business in any particular country. The perception of the customers, values and religion must be taken into consideration before entering into the global market (Aggrawal et al., 2016). The target market segment of Nokia consists of that customer group who focuses on the different marketing efforts. Nokia has targeted the market for two reasons i.e. to gain profit and to aim those consumers who are not technological savvy. Nokia positions itself as a market leader in providing various facilities in a single handset at an affordable price compared to its competitors. The marketing mix of Nokia comprises of the 4p approach. The company uses price-skimming strategy and it also offers cash allowances. Nokia must also try to build up more warranty and service centers to satisfy and fulfill the needs of the customers (Kavitha Krishna, 2017). The company manufactures a wide range of headsets to fulfill the needs of diverse and wide targeted segments. Nokia along with their competitor is able to charge higher prices for its products because of the benefits and brand image which are received by the customers. The brand image of Nokia acts as a self promoting tool and the company is trying to establish themselves in the market to add value to the products. Segmentation / target market strategy and justification Market segmentation is the process of separating the market into identifiable or similar segments. It also helps the marketers to differentiate between the marketing mix that well be more attractive for the particular segment of the people. Nokia is using the regional approach to attract the local population and to gather trust and respect. Nokia has also opened the flagship stores in Asian and middle eastern countries to attract the customers with the latest innovations and to provide quality support services. Nokia has appealed to the customers of all ages and income categories, different religion, occupation and family cycles (Kavitha Krishna,2017). Moreover, Nokia has also targeted the women segment and majority of its mobile series has pink or golden colour. Nokia Roxo was designed for the women counterpart and the young teenage girls. The logo of Nokia Roxo was Treat her like a lady which highlighted that woman must prefer to use this phone rather than purchasing unisex mobile s. Moreover, Nokia also includes the tastes of the corporate and the working class people. The company has launched different models of the mobile devices to attract the customers with different lifestyles. The customers of Nokia have strong loyalty for the products of the company because they find the best quality of the product in accordance with the price paid for it. Nokia also kept its targeted market excited with the new range of products and services. The ability of the company to meet the expectations of the customers is regarded as the major goal of the company (Santoki Thomas, 2017) The target market of Nokia is the people of the age group between 16-60 years. Nokia has targeted the Indian market. The company is also trying to expand its sales in the rural market of India. Nokia is trying to work with the various content and service providers who can deliver information on agriculture weather and price for the people of the rural areas. It has been found that the large Indian mobile market service providers are targeting the rural areas by manufacturing low cost handsets (Santoki Thomas, 2017). Nokia has targeted three types of consumer segments such as premium, middle class and the common mass. The mobile handsets that are manufactured by Nokia are of low cost or cutting edge technology. Moreover, the products of Nokia are adopted according to the particular market situation. Nokia has also used two distinct type of branding strategy. This is because the consumers in the target market consists of two types of customers such as economy seeker and upscale buyers . The upscale buyer has built the brand with the high-end multimedia handsets. On the other hand, the economy seeker in the upcoming market has focused on branding strategy and it focuses on economical handsets (Hacklin, Bjrkdahl Wallin, 2017). Intended positioning (value proposition) and justification Value proposition helps in describing the products and services that are regarded as the best option for the customers. People will not be willing to purchase the product if the company does not have a strong value proposition. Nokia is losing its customer base in comparison with its customers and thus this has played an important role in capturing the share in the market. Although the company is one of the major leader in the market share, but it is losing its customers in the market every year (Santoki Thomas, 2017). The top global competitors of Nokia are Samsung, Motorola, white Box and Google. The major factor that has made a tough competition between Nokia and its competitors are the low pricing of the products,, production of a wide range of products , better and improved marketing strategies, continuous innovation of better technology and the various applications in the mobile industry. This has helped to satisfy the demands of the customers globally. The financial position of the company is much better than its competitors. It has more than one-third control in the market share over its competitors. It has been found that the company has more than 63% share in the global market (Aversa, Haefliger Reza, 2017). Nokia has made improvements in the applications and the games section of their mobile handsets. Nokia Corporation is committed for the provisions of different products. The products of Nokia are preferred by the general mass compared to the products of other brands. Nokia has also made further improvements in the innovation of solutions and devices for imaging. The company has also provided different solutions on the other network providers (Aversa, Haefliger Reza, 2017). Nokia also uses symbian technology in the mobiles and this is related to the working of the computer because of its high level of multi-tasking features. The company also takes advantages of the touch screen technologies while manufacturing different models. Nokia has also made advancement in its technologies by signing partnership deals with the other IT companies such as Yahoo. Nokia has also planned to increase the storage space in the mobile phones so as to fulfill the requirements of the customers who requires high mobile space in their mobiles. It has been found that Nokia is slow in meeting or upgrading to different technological changes compared to the other brands. It has also improved in its business environment by signing deals with various companies to deliver better and improved service for the mobile users. The company must change its technology and make further improvements to improve its market share (Wang, Hedman Tuunainen, 2016). the diagram shown below depicts the positioning map of Nokia Proposed marketing mix strategies Product Nokia has launched a huge number of setsin acost effective price. It has also gathered brand personality and the market share has improved to 35% because of its quality andlong lasting products. There are various designs of the set and it is available at a much affordable price compared to its competitors. Moreover, each set has own features of its own. Nokia has launched the first phone withantenna, first in-built camera, changeable faceplateand chat functions. Moreover, product segmentation also plays an important in the mobile market to reach all the consumers (Santoki Thomas, 2017). The mobile phones of Nokia are divided into three categories such as multimedia line, business line and connectline.Business line refers to those mobile phones that possess priority functions and various applications of time management. On the other hand,multimedia line is targeted for the youth that enables them to watch videos, listen to music and connect to various features such as large capacity hardware and navigation. The users ofconnect line category do not have disposable income and they are not willing to pay higher prices for the products. The devices are equipped with special technological features and they look standard and stylish compared to its competitors mobile. Research has identified thatthe consumers must make their decisions in accordance withthe own brand and preference. Moreover, the consumers also view the brand as an important part of the product and thus this helps to add value to the particular brand. Nokia must also extend the warranty of the product (Naidu, 2017). Price Nokia must understand the demand of the consumers for various portable multifunction devices. Nokia sets the price of the product by comparing with its competitors. The company has mobile sets of all variations i.e. from higher to lower price group and it depends on the customers needs and position in the market. The factors that affect the price of Nokia phones are the cost of products, competition and customer demand (Dhakar, Tripathi Rathore, 2017). The company sells the products at a much higher price in order to gain profit. This helps to reimburse the cost of research and development and the cost of development. The company reduces the price of the product at the beginning in accordance with the price of its competitors. Nokia is also trying to gain competitive advantage in the market The company has specialized in offering cash allowances to their valuable customers. Nokia uses price skimming strategy and ensures that the customers purchase the product throughout the entire p eriod after it has been launched in the market. Nokia sets the price initially higher and later with the passage of time, they reduce the price of the product.The company must use the brand cycle method to set the price of its product. This model sets different price of the product based on the life cycle of the product. Nokia sets the price after conducting market research on the consumers and there advancement in technology (Dhakar, Tripathi Rathore, 2017). Place Nokia must contact directly the consumers directly and the company must use more distribution channel to reach out to the customers and sell their devices. People can purchase the Nokia handsets from all over the country. The distribution strategy has focused on the urban population. Moreover, in order to become competitive in the market, the company has reformulated the distribution strategy focusing on the rural areas which were stated by the local competitors earlier. The company has chosen its local business agent based on the 5C principle. This will help the company to decide whom it will choose for credibility, channel, capital and management. It is important to pay more attention to the marketing network and this will help to invest in the intensive marketing strategies (Dhakar, Tripathi Rathore, 2017). Nokia has also chosen a new channel pattern known as FD that had the ability to change or transfer the provincial agent into different types of fund platform. This has also he lped in saving intermediate links. This has helped Nokia to gain monopoly and thus acquire the ability of direct supply. Promotion Promotion is necessary to increase the sales and publicity. The company has printed advertisements for the promotion of products. The company has emphasized on the famous slogan connecting people to build relationships, collaborate and communicate. This will also attract the customers and the company will invite famous spokesperson or actors for the promotion of its product. The operators and the retailers will carry out the sales promotion for improving the sale of the mobile phones. Sometimes, the company also does joint promotions with the credit card companies and the bank. The mobile phone operators also offer campaign for the phone lines and the mobile phones for promotions. On the other hand, public relations play a vital role the promotion strategy of Nokia. The company has supported some social programs such as charities and sponsorship programs. Social media is regarded as the fastest and the easiest cost effective way of publishing the news for the global audience. Nokia must use Facebook fun page and YouTube videos to deliver the message to the audience. The company has also undertaken a wide number of promotional activities to sell its products. The company has also sponsored in many cultural activities such as in sports events and sports team for the promotion of its products (Aggrawal et al., 2016). Conclusion Therefore, it can be concluded that the most objective of the company to become the leader in the mobile industry. The marketing strategies undertaken by the company will help to create awareness among the customers and the products offered by the company. The tagline of Nokia connecting people highlights that the product has the same preference and it helps to connect people. Nokia operates worldwide and it provides wired network infrastructure and wireless communication between the people. The micro and the macro environmental factors played an important role in the marketing strategy adopted by the company. Nokia must concentrate on the core competencies and hence try to capture the market. The company has also identified the different categories of buyers who prefer to purchase the handsets of Nokia by examining their psychographic, demographic and behavioral difference. It can be concluded that the brand name of Nokia was sufficient to increase the sales, advertising strategies and the marketing process. Nokia must try to overcome its weakness and try to grab the opportunities. This will help the company to dominate its competitors. The company must focus on the competitive advantage of its rivals rather than focusing on advertising. Thus, it can be said that the company is trying to secure its position and becoming a market leader in the smart phone industry. References Aggrawal, D., Bansal, G., Anand, A., Papic, L. (2016). Types of Customers surrounding a brand: A classification based on correspondence analysis.Communications in Dependability and Quality Management-An International Journal, Serbia,19(1), 5-17. Aversa, P., Haefliger, S., Reza, D. G. (2017). Building a Winning Business Model Portfolio.MIT Sloan Management Review,58(4), 49. Bohlin, S., Inha, E. (2017). Book review: Tools and concepts for strategic decision making on Market Intelligence. Dhakar, G., Tripathi, S. Rathore, N.S.(2017) Redefining Marketing Mix for Digital Marketing.Pacific University Journal of Social Sciences, p.26. Grhan-Canli, Z., Hayran, C., Sarial-Abi, G. (2016). Customer-based brand equity in a technologically fast-paced, connected, and constrained environment.AMS review,6(1-2), 23-32. Hacklin, F., Bjrkdahl, J., Wallin, M. W. (2017). Strategies for business model innovation: How firms reel in migrating value.Long Range Planning. Kavitha, T. C., Krishna, B. S. V. S. R. (2017) 4AS MARKETING APPROACH BY FMCGS TO TAP INDIAN RURAL MARKETA REVIEW. Muller, R. A., Bevan-Dye, A. L. (2017). Reliable Nokia-Brand Personality Perceptions of the Finnish Communication Giant. InCountry Experiences in Economic Development, Management and Entrepreneurship: Proceedings of the 17th Eurasia Business and Economics Society Conference(pp. 785-796). Springer International Publishing. Nachbaur, A. (2016). Nokia Strategic Analysis. Evaluation of the decision to return to the mobile telephone market. Naidu, A. (2017). Strategies for Marketing to the Rural Customer in India: The 4 As Model of Rural Marketing.Journal of Rural and Industrial Development Volume,5(1). Nokia. (2017).Our history | Nokia. [online] Available at: https://www.nokia.com/en_int/about-us/who-we-are/our-history [Accessed 12 Nov. 2017]. Santoki, M.A.A. Thomas, M.R.(2017). Service Innovation in selected Firms with reference to Indian Telecommunication Industry for Sustainability. Wang, J., Hedman, J., Tuunainen, V. K. (2016). Path creation, path dependence and breaking away from the path: re-examining the case of Nokia.Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research,11(2), 16-27. Yam, Y. (2016). The influence of macro and micro-environmental factors on the consumption of mobile phones and marketing strategies.
Monday, March 30, 2020
Saturday, March 7, 2020
August 2007 Most Popular Posts August 2007 Most Popular Posts August 2007 Most Popular Posts By Sharon Write First, Edit Later: Well, it is important to write correctly. It makes your communication clearer, and your reputation brighter. But itÃ¢â¬â¢s usually better to say what you mean poorly than to say nothing. Passive vs. Active Voice: English teachers like myself love to warn new writers against the evils of passive voice. Here at Daily Writing Tips, Michael has written about passive writing, and I recently wrote about dummy subjects, but it looks like thereÃ¢â¬â¢s still some confusion about passive voice and its use. Ã¢â¬Å"Could Care LessÃ¢â¬ versus Ã¢â¬Å"CouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t Care LessÃ¢â¬ : The Oxford dictionary already recognizes Ã¢â¬Å"could care lessÃ¢â¬ as an American colloquialism. Many people, however, regard it as incorrect since it makes no logical sense (if you Ã¢â¬Å"could care lessÃ¢â¬ it means that you care at least a bit). What do you think about it? Have your say in our Poll! Five Spelling Rules for Ã¢â¬Å"Silent Final EÃ¢â¬ : In an earlier stage of the language, many of these final eÃ¢â¬â¢s were pronounced. Now, however, unless the word is a foreign borrowing, the final e is silent. Needed: New Singular Possessive Adjective Combining Ã¢â¬Å"hisÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"herÃ¢â¬ : I told him that the answer was c) his, but, to my astonishment, the answer key gave b) his or her as the correct answer. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s when I discovered that I was behind the times when it came to the concept of oppressive gendered language. Punctuation Errors: Quotation Marks for Emphasis: Last month, Daniel covered some of the basic rules for using quotation marks. IÃ¢â¬â¢d like to point out one of the most common misuses of this piece of punctuation: the quotation mark for emphasis. Misspelled Numbers, Months, and Days: Yes, these are elementary spelling words, but cruise the web and you will see them misspelled all over the place. The Truth About Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ : As well as I know the rule, as many times as I have corrected the error in the manuscripts of others, the occasional itÃ¢â¬â¢s for its creeps into my own writing and must be caught in the final revision. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the General category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Regarding Re:Email EtiquetteArtist vs. Artisan
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Determination of nitrogen dioxide content of the atmosphere - Lab Report Example Apparatus include sampling probe, absorber, gas drying tube, air-metering device, thermometer, manometer, air pump, spectrophotometer, and stopwatch. Reagent grade chemicals have been used. Water free from nitrite and deionized according to specification D 1193 for type I or II reagent water has been used. Anhydrous sulfanilic acid has been used as the absorbing reagent, N-(1-Naphthyl)-Ethylenediamine Dihydrochloride stock solution (0.1 percent), Sodium Nitrite standard solution (0.0246 g/L) and NO2 permeation device were reagents and materials that were used in the experiment. 5.0012 g of anhydrous sulfanilic acid was dissolved in 1 L of water containing 140 mL glacial acetic acid. The process was gently heated to speed up the process. 20 mL of the of N-(1-naphthyl)-ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 0.1 % stock solution and 10 mL acetone were added, and diluted to 1 L. 0.1 g of the reagent was dissolved in 100 mL water.Calibration and StandardizationThe flowmeter was calibrated using practice D 3195. The gas meter was calibrated using test method D 1071. Standardization was based on observation. 0.82 mol of NaNO2 produced the same color as 1 mol NO2. 1 mL working standard solution contains 24.6 Ã µg NaNO2. The amount of NO2 given by (24.6/69.1)x(46.0/0.82), which is 20 Ã µg NO2. Standard conditions of 101 kPa and 25C were taken, and the molar gas volume was 24.47L (ASTM International 3). Graduated amounts of NaNO2 solution were added to a series of 25mL volumetric flasks up to 1 mL.